Plasma is the liquid part of the blood which is responsible for blood clotting. Platelet rich plasma refers to the Ultra-filtrate of blood with highest concentration of Platelets and Growth factors. Therapy makes use of injecting the concentrate to act like a catalyst in the healing process of injured ligaments, muscles and joints.
Platelet rich plasma is usually infiltrated directly or around the injured tissues under Ultrasonic guidance. It can also be used after surgery and in chronic sports injuries for augmented healing.
What are the contra-indications of injecting PRP?
A person has to stop taking medications that makes your blood thin, like aspirin and ibuprofen before he gets PRP injected. Platelet rich plasma has almost no SIDE effects except the fact that injection is a painful & invasive process. There are some conditions in which a person can’t take PRP. These include:
- Abnormal platelet function or low platelet count
How is PRP made from my blood??
Platelet rich plasma is collected by drawing blood from the patient’s body and centrifuging it in a machine to extract the plasma rich protein from the blood. Then the extracted protein is directly injected to the injured part of the patient’s body. Ultrasound guidance makes procedure safer and more effective.
How does PRP function??
Platelets releases growth factors which are capable of stimulating cell growth, proliferation, healing and cellular differentiation. Growth factors stimulate cell division which makes healing process faster and thus an athlete gets back to ground quickly.
The basic action takes place due to high concentrations of growth factors and inflammatory substances used as signalling molecules by the body to mark the site of repair.
What is effective time when one should expect relief?
Pain relief typically starts to occur within three to four weeks after the injection. Your symptoms continue to improve over a period of three to six months following a PRP injection. The recovery depend upon the part to be treated.
The general healing involves four overlapping phases:
3) Cellular and matrix proliferation, which begins within days of an injury and comprises the most important phase of healing.
4) wound healing, which may involve scar tissue formation
What are the Pros & Cons of PRP injection?
Advantages of Platelet rich protein
- It stimulates the healing process. Research shows that it speeds healing after injury or surgery for certain conditions, like torn tendons.
- In addition to helping injured tissue heal, some studies show PRP injections curb pain and boost mobility for people with rotator cuff injuries.
- PRP can treat torn tendons, tendinitis, muscle injuries, arthritis-related pain, and joint injuries.
- It is easily available and safe.
- They are also used in cosmetic procedures. Dermatologists and hair transplant experts use PRP injections to treat a type of hair loss called alopecia, male or female baldness.
PRP treatments are also used by dermatologists.
Disadvantages of Platelet rich plasma
- Side effects of PRP are very less as it involves using person’s own platelets to stimulate healing.
- A person may have pain, bleeding or irritation at the injection site.
Improvement in treatment of Athletes
Platelet rich plasma has become one the most popular methods used to treat musculoskeletal injuries which causes severe pain and physical disability. PRP is commonly used in orthopaedic practice to stimulate healing in sports-related injuries of muscle, tendons, and ligaments. PRP is used to stimulate bone formation in spinal fusion surgery. Athletes used to take years for the healing process but after the usage of PRP, they are able to heal faster and practice again. In orthopaedics PRP injections are commonly used for the treatment of common conditions such as:
- Rotator cuff Tendonitis
- Patellar tendonitis
- Knee Osteoarthritis
- Tennis Elbow
- Plantar Fasciitis
PRP is widely used by orthopaedics and in sports medicine. It uses platelet from the patient’s body thus, has least side effects. Jyoti Hospital is proud to cater to demands of athletes using most precise and advanced imaging modalities.